Let's Read “Stars without Number” - Game Master Resources


A part of my Let’s Read “Stars without Number” series. Go grab your free copy of SWN and join in.

Stars without Number’s Game Master Resources chapter discusses common complications, interstellar trade, converting prior from edition, house rules, name generators, and one-roll generators.

First a discussion about ensuring the game is played and prepared for your table:

The most important thing you can remember as a GM running Stars Without Number is that you are running it for a specific group of people

Whenever you consider making a house rule, or adding a tweak to the game, or even basic considerations of what kind of sandbox excitement you should be offering to your players, you must always think about the specific players you have.

I find this advice critical; Don’t play and prepare for abstract fun, but for the fun that your group will have. This section also implies the near unattainable game balance of a rules system for more than one game group. Each group brings its own style, preferences, and approaches to a game. The group should refine the rules to account for their preferences.

Common Game Master Complications

Death

All throughout Stars without Number, the game speaks about the lethality of the system. This section dives into how you might, in discussion with your players, alter the rules about character death.

And we get additional discussion about adding new characters into the mix; Hint: get a new character into the game real quick, and make them the same level (or one less). The player lost a character don’t further punish them by forcing them to wait a long-time to bring a new character to the table.

Skill Checks

Be charitable about success; Don’t force trained characters to make routine checks.

Don’t spam checks; One role for the general course of a skill’s usage. Once you determine success or failure push additional choices onto the player (e.g. you failed, and can take additional time to get it right or its a quick fix and I choose when the fix fails).

Don’t require skill checks if there is nothing associated with the failure.

And remember character actions may obviate the need for skill checks. If they say they are searching the room by looking under the bed, then if something is under the bed, give it to the players.

Combat


“GM Splash” by Tan Ho Sim

Again, a reminder that combat can be fairly lethal. Give players bonuses or automatic success for ambushes and tactics.

And do not forget morale.

The morale system does a few things:

  • Increases the likelihood of shorter combats
  • Provides tactical options for players
  • Increases the likelihood of recurring characters
  • Resolves the immediate conflict but may leave open future conflict
  • Highlights that not everyone is in it to the death

Negotiation and Diplomacy

Any RPG that has social skills needs to discuss the relationship of a character’s social skill and the player’s social argumentation.

Stars without Number discusses expectations of players when they spend points on skills. And that players may not have experience in the skills that their characters do.

This tension is most notable when you have a glib player that has a no-social-skills character. Or a tongue-tied player that has a master elocutionist character.

The key…is to let both skills and player argumentation have a visible effect on the outcome, so that players feel that both matter.

Searching and Investigation

Advice about not attaching critical information to a dice roll.

Some GMs just let the PCs all make Notice checks to see if they notice some- thing hidden. This has the advantage of being quick and simple, but it also can put vital information at the mercy of good dice. Other GMs require the players to specifically say what parts of an area they’re searching, what they’re looking under or inside, and otherwise describe the specifics of their search. This can penalize players who don’t correctly envision the area the GM is describing. One compromise is to simply give players vital clues when they say that they are searching, and then use one or both of the other methods to let them search for supplementary facts and helpful details.

As a GM, be generous with information. Do not assume they will read through the lines.

Salvage

It can be tedious to handle the logistics of salvage and unbalancing to the game to allow PCs to cash in on every alien fork and wall panel they can drag back to civilization.

Have a conversation with the group to determine what interests them. Few are eager to play “Papers and Paychecks: The RPG.”

Interstellar Trade

Perhaps most importantly, there is no such thing as interstellar bulk shipping in Stars Without Number. Even the largest spike drive ships have cargo capacities measured in a few tens of thousands of tons, while a modern oil tanker has a capacity of around 500,000 tons. Trying to run a meaningful trade in bulk commodities has been a lost cause ever since the jump gates failed and massive system-ship freighters could no longer make the jump between worlds. Such commerce can exist inside a system, with huge slowboats moving from planet to planet, but modern trade relies on carrying small loads of high-value goods or expert services.

The above emphasis is mine. Adventurers can make their wealth with a fast ship and precious cargo. Provided within this section is a set of quick trade rules: encoding skill, risk, and reward. Take a look at Suns of Gold: Merchant Campaigns for Stars Without Number if you are interested in more exhaustive trade rules.

Converting First Edition Stars without Number

It’s a rather quick and easy switch from the prior Stars without Number edition to the revised edition.

House Rules and the Game

The House Rules section discusses some house rules and their possible impact.

  • No Shock Damage
  • Use Original Skill List
  • Don’t Use Command Points
  • No Ranged Weapon Binding
  • Use a Grid in Combat
  • Eliminate Psionics
  • Drop FTL Starfight
  • Boost Starting Levels
  • Add Universal Psionics
  • Use Plot Points
  • Make Combat a Bloodbath

Name Generators

Stars without Number provides generators for Arabic, Chinese, English, Greek, Indian, Japanese, Latin, Nigerian, Russian and Spanish names.

One Roll Generators

Stars without Number provides a single page to generate a random NPC using a d4, d6, d8, d10, d12, and d20. Below are the results of one of those rolls.

Table 1: Results of One-Roll NPC
Dice Used Characteristic Random Result
d4 Age Mature prime
d6 Background The local underclass or poorest natives
d8 Role in Society Military, soldier, enforcer, law officer
d10 Biggest Problem Romantic failure with a desired person
d12 Greatest Desire They want a particular romantic partner
d20 Most Obvious Character Trait Devotion to a cause

Stars without Number also provides a single page to generate a one roll patron using a d4, d6, d8, d10, d12, and d20. Below are the results of one of those rolls. Build this upon the above NPC.

Table 2: Results of One-Roll Patron
Dice Used Characteristic Random Result
d4 Eagerness to Hire Willing to promise standard rates
d6 Trustworthiness They’ll pay, but discount for mistakes
d8 Challenge of Job Arson or sabotage on a place
d10 Countervailing Force An unknown rival of the patron
d12 Potential Non-Cash Rewards Property in the area
d20 Complication An unexpected troublemaker is involved

And last we have two one roll tables to generate Urban and Wilderness encounters.

Table 3: Results of One-Role Urban Encounter
Dice Used Characteristic Random Result
d4 What's the Conflict About? Money, extortion, payment due, debts
d6 General Venue of the Event At a mass-transit station
d8 Why are the PCs Involved? It happens immediately around them
d10 What's the Nature of the Event? A vehicle accident is happening
d12 What Antagonists are Involved? A mob of intoxicated locals
d20 Relevant Urban Features Two groups present that detest each other
Table 4: Results of One-Role Wilderness Encounter
Dice Used Characteristic Random Result
d4 Encounter Range Noticed 1d4 hundred meters away
d6 Weather and Lighting Night, with terrible weather and wind
d8 Nature of Encounter Encounter people in need of aid
d10 Types of Friendlies Hiker or wilderness tourist
d12 Types of Hostiles Dangerous locals looking for easy marks
d20 Specific Nearby Feature Ill-tended graveyard of a lost family stead

Wrapping up the free version we get character sheets, an index, and list of kickstarter patrons.